The ever-increasing worldwide demand for energy, food and raw materials obliges us to consider fundamentally new directions and strategies while preserving and restoring ecosystems. Many current issues of varying scales are drawn together in the spatial design that will be needed to explore, inspire and guide the process of designing the brief. Integration with other fields of knowledge is essential. Architecture will have to become a catalyst of social renewal and a stimulus to technological
innovation, a challenge far beyond the mere addition of new technologies to existing spatial typologies. Many of the new challenges call for typological innovation, a fundamental reorientation of the existing spatial models and connections. Crucial is the reciprocity between programme, location and raw materials. New programmatic alliances and typologies will emerge by linking these in an intelligent way, accommodating the closing of cycles of energy, water and matter on the right scale.