The proposed production landscape, with new landscapes of sorghum, willow fields, wet reeds, algae fields and food forests
The proposed production landscape, with new landscapes of sorghum, willow fields, wet reeds, algae fields and food forests

Landscaping the Food

Noord-Oost Brabant

A perspective for the protein axis in the Peel

View or download the full report via this dit link.


more...

The current (linear) system of food production is no longer tenable. It is a system of exhaustion and emissions. There are global challenges with CO2 emissions and the food sector accounts for a significant part, partly by the production methods and partly by transporting products around the world.

The direct and indirect footprint of the food chain is high. In Northeast Brabant alone, the herd has a water footprint of 2.9 billion m3, of which 99% takes place indirectly (outside the region). Agriculture has the highest water consumption per hectare compared to the rest of the Netherlands. The emissions from the agri-food sector throughout North Brabant are 5.5 Mton CO2, 20% of the total amount of agricultural emissions in the Netherlands (Metabolic, 2016).

The circular economy shows that an economy that copies natural cycles and systems is smarter and more efficient. By adding value to what was previously called waste and by bringing nitrogen and phosphate cycles more into balance. The Agro as de Peel project focuses on the Agro as de Peel area with the municipalities of Uden, Landerd, Boekel, St. Anthonis, Mill-St.Hubert, Grave and Gemert-Bakel.

Metabolistic concept b

With a metabolic system, all residual products are reused and upgraded to a valuable product. For example, residual products from supermarkets and bakeries become pig feed and thus meat as food. And manure becomes a nutrient for algae and thus color for the paint industry. The metabolic system that shows an enormous wealth of all kinds of streams forms the basis of the spatial concept of Agro as de Peel. This system is never finished or completely closed and can always be enriched and expanded. The design should therefore be read as one of the possible outcomes of this system. It is flexible and robust and therefore focused on changes over time. By seeing it as a growth model, it moves with the transition from animal protein production to vegetable protein production. This is a gradual transition in which both production methods can function alongside and with each other.

[b] Spatial design


The current landscape of the Peel is very suitable for a large-scale circular system of animal and vegetable protein production. The rational structure of avenues and forests with linear, right-angled canals and roads offers space and structure for the integration of surface-bound crops. The large built volumes of livestock farms, insect breeding and manure processing also fit well in terms of scale in this young mining landscape. In addition to land-based food crops, the future production landscape will consist of algae fields, duckweed baths, willow forests and reed flow fields. Especially along the Midden-Peelweg this wet cultivation will form the landscape image. All of this yields a protein-producing landscape where there is also room for nature, recreation, green industry and living. In addition to stimulating the economy, the proposed production landscape will also considerably strengthen the ecological values ​​in the area. New landscapes of sorghum, wet reeds, willow fields and food forests create a diverse and attractive environment for flora and fauna. Animals can freely forage in the production landscape and will also leave fertilizer behind.

Potential test location

In addition to offering a beckoning perspective for the Agro as de Peel, this report also serves as input for the development of a potential test location. The starting point for a test location is the creation of an innovation environment where entrepreneurs, citizens, knowledge institutions and governments work together on the transition of the primary sector. Entrepreneurs working at this location must be prepared to work with their colleagues to bring this goal closer. An open innovation model that is as open as possible is the starting point, where visiting entrepreneurs and citizens are welcome. In addition, a test location can serve as an example for the rest of the Netherlands, with a future perspective for entrepreneurs and residents of the area.
The context of the research
The context of the research
The direct/ indirect footprint of the agri-food sector in Northeast Brabant and the amount of animals kept
The direct/ indirect footprint of the agri-food sector in Northeast Brabant and the amount of animals kept
The axis of the research area, the Middenpeelweg
The axis of the research area, the Middenpeelweg
The current global system and flows in intensive livestock farming
The current global system and flows in intensive livestock farming
The metabolic concept for the Agro axis in de Peel
The metabolic concept for the Agro axis in de Peel
The current system
The current system
Metabolic system components- manure flows
Metabolic system components- manure flows
Metabolic system components- heat
Metabolic system components- heat
Metabolic system components- vegetable proteins and raw materials
Metabolic system components- vegetable proteins and raw materials
Nature and recreation
Nature and recreation
In addition to stimulating the economy, the proposed production landscape will also considerably strengthen the ecological values in the area
In addition to stimulating the economy, the proposed production landscape will also considerably strengthen the ecological values in the area
Principle effect of the protein axis in de Peel
Principle effect of the protein axis in de Peel
Bird's-eye view concept design version 1
Bird's-eye view concept design version 1
Concept design version 1, manure processing into vegetable and animal proteins
Concept design version 1, manure processing into vegetable and animal proteins
Bird's-eye view concept design version 2
Bird's-eye view concept design version 2
Concept design version 2, animal feed production, manure processing and livestock farms
Concept design version 2, animal feed production, manure processing and livestock farms
A natural production landscape
A natural production landscape
year
2017

team
ir. Marco Vermeulen, ir. Bram Willemse, Chiel Lansink, Wout Kruijer

in cooperation with
Alterra

programme
Research by design

status
researching

client
AgriFood Capital

related news
related projects